What Dog Breed Lives the Longest?

what dog breed lives the longest.

What dog breed lives the longest? No one wants to consider the possibility of our cherished canine leaving us one day. Dogs are members of the family, devoted friends, and constant companions. Their passing causes a tragic event in our lives — motivating some prospective pet parents to select their fur-baby based on their longevity. 

Knowing the dog's lifespan would be helpful regardless of whether your ideal size is small, medium, or anything approaching the gentle giant. In general, the breed should provide you with a decent indication of their time on the planet. But there are other factors to consider if you're deliberating on what dog breed has the longest lifespan?

Does Size Have an Impact on Longevity?

Absolutely. Size is a major factor in the life expectancy of a dog breed. Smaller mammals are said to live longer in general. We don't really know why, but it could depend on the metabolism of the animal, and it’s true for the dog.

What Factors Do We Have No Control Over?

As with humans, we cannot control certain aspects of aging. Diseases, accidents, and susceptibility to certain conditions all have an impact on a dog's lifespan. You can do a DNA test to screen for their genetic health issues, but it won't prevent the disease.

How to Prolong the Life of Your Dog

You can't change your dog's genetic makeup, but bad genes don't always mean bad luck. The general well-being of your animal is what’s essential. Genetic diseases account for fewer health problems in dogs (and cats) compared to bad lifestyle habits or the environment.

You can team up with your veterinarian to be more involved in managing or reducing common health risks — it's the best way to reduce the likelihood of future illnesses in your dog. In the end, what you can do to improve and extend your dog's life isn't that complicated. 

Be proactive and manage medical issues with your vet. Ensure your dog maintains a normal weight (not over or underweight) and feed them quality, complete and balanced foods without excess treats. Also, make sure they get enough exercise.

What Dog Breed Has The Longest Lifespan?

Here’s a roundup of breeds that can live for an average of 15 years. This is by no means an exhaustive list, and there is no guarantee that your dog will reach this age, even if it’s one of the listed breeds. However, it increases the likelihood that your beloved bow-wow will be by your side longer.

Havanese

dogs that live the longest havanese.

Life expectancy: 14 to 16 years

Playful, sociable, and friendly to humans and furry friends, the Havanese captures everyone’s attention — wherever they are. This could be the best choice for what dog breed can live the longest. They’re usually quite vocal and happy to entertain your friends with their antics, or let you know when a delivery person leaves a package. 

It's no surprise that the Havanese make great therapy dogs because of their happy and affectionate disposition.

Chinese Crested

dogs that live the longest chinese crested.

Life expectancy: 13 to 18 years 

The Chinese Crested Dog is one of the few breeds reminiscent of the cat, due to their liking to settle in a high spot — for example, lounging on the back of the sofa. But the similarity ends there. Additionally, this breed is highly sociable and adapts well, in contrast to certain felines. 

This breed comes in hairless as well as coated — known as powderpuff. The former has a speckled pink body and doesn’t smell like a typical dog, and the latter has a smooth, plush coat. The hairless breed can feel the cold. Hence, you’ll have to kit them out with a doggy sweater or jacket for the cooler months. If you're trying to decide what dog breed has the longest life expectancy, this one might be the one for you.

Rat Hunter Terrier (Rat Terrier)

dogs that live the longest rat hunter terrier.

Life expectancy: 12 to 18 years 

Whether you go for the miniature — 10 to 13 inches tall — or the standard — 13 to 18 inches in height — this compact and robust American charmer will provide moments of fun and action. And, since it's one of the breeds that live the longest, you'll have plenty of time to enjoy them. 

However, the term “rat” doesn't seem to suit this cute and affectionate dog. That said, they’re also fiery and stubborn. They’re a typical terrier — headstrong like their cousins. Hence, set consistent boundaries for them, train them in obedience, and provide positive reinforcement so they can reach their full potential.

Coton de Tuléar

dogs that live the longest coton de tuléar.

Life expectancy: 15 to 19 years 

The longevity record was established by a dog of the Coton de Tuléar breed on the island of Madagascar. This breed descended from a group of white puppies that swam to the island of Madagascar following a shipwreck. Weighing a mere 15 pounds, these fuzzy little balls are as stubborn as they are affectionate. This sweet and faithful dog is very attached to their family, whom they love to accompany everywhere.

Pomeranian

dogs that live the longest pomeranian.

Life expectancy: 12 to 16 years 

This breed is not only one of the longest-living, but they also look gorgeous well into old age. The Pom is energetic and devoted, just like many other breeds in the Spitz family. 

Their tiny stature doesn't diminish their confidence. They can come across as a little cocky and pushy because of their ‘big-dog-in-a-small-body’ mindset. Yet, they will, nevertheless, always be lovey-dovey and devoted to their family.

Shih Tzu

dogs that live the longest shih tzu.

Life expectancy: 10 to 18 years 

Life with a Shih Tzu is reminiscent of a long mutual love story. The Shih Tzu is an ideal dog for a family. They’re in search of love, which they return willingly. This could explain their recurring presence on the American Kennel Club's (AKC) annual list of most popular dog breeds — currently 22nd. 

Or, it could be because they’re a super cuddly little dog with sweet and endearing looks, who never ceases to charm you. They love to impress with new tricks and always remain adaptable to any situation. In addition, during walkies, they will charm both humans and other furry friends.

Manchester Terrier

dogs that live the longest manchester terrier.

Life expectancy: 15 to 17 years 

A once rare breed, the Manchester Terrier is making a comeback. However, they’re lively pooches, so you’ll need to keep an eye on them around the home. Manchesters also require socialization from puppyhood to get along with other four-legged friends.

The Manchester Terrier comes in miniature — weighing 12 pounds and 10 to 12 inches tall — while the standard reaches 16 inches and weighs around 22 pounds. Both are active and athletic and retain their ratter instincts — which will make them love chasing tennis balls.

Chihuahua

dogs that live the longest chihuahua.

Life expectancy: 14 to 16 years 

In their adorable small 6-pound physique, this mini dog packs a lot of tenacity and stubbornness (or self-confidence). The Chihuahua is the breed for you if you're seeking a canine companion that needs minimal upkeep and is dedicated to their owner. 

Chihuahuas are ideal for apartment life, but bear in mind, this tiny tail-wagger does like to talk — they’re yappy dogs. Plus, they’re not a fan of cold weather, they’d much prefer to keep warm on your lap.

Papillon

dogs that live the longest papillon.

Life expectancy: 14 to 16 years 

Despite their well-groomed appearance, behind the Papillon’s sparkling eyes hides a tough, playful dog. The pint-sized ‘butterfly’ has an enormous personality. They thrive around people and excel in agility, obedience, and behavior in public. 

Adapting to hot and cold climates and embracing the city and the countryside, the Papillon loves chasing squirrels or playing indoors. Their perpetual happiness may be the secret to their longevity.

Australian Cattle Dog

dogs that live the longest australian cattle dog.

Life expectancy: 12 to 16 years 

Vets agree that small dogs usually lead the pack when it comes to older dog breeds. But Bluey the Australian Cattle Dog can't be forgotten. He lived longer than any other dog, up to 29 years and five months, according to the Guinness World Records

This Australian breed typically measures 17 to 20 inches and weighs 35 to 50 pounds. They possess a deep-rooted urge to work, with a high-activity level to match. In 1910, Bluey was a pup who herded cattle and sheep for two decades in Victoria, Australia, before passing away in 1939.

Dachshund

dogs that live the longest dachshund.

Life expectancy: 12 to 16 years 

They don't mind being called a hot dog or a sausage dog because Dachshunds are becoming more and more adored and well-known. All three types and sizes — miniature, standard, and those with rough-haired, long-haired, and smooth coats — adhere to this. 

Perhaps they’re one of the breeds with the longest life spans because of their independence and unrelenting curiosity — or perhaps it’s due to the fact they’re highly active little hounds. Regardless of the reason, if you do your part, this long-snouted breed will stick around for a very long time.

Miniature Pinscher

dogs that live the longest miniature pinscher.

Life expectancy: 12 to 16 years 

Contrary to common perception, the Miniature Pinscher isn’t a pint-sized version of the Doberman Pinscher. They do, however, share a fearless nature. Other physical similarities between the Min Pin and the Doberman include the pointed ears, as well as that trademark black and tan coat. 

However, the Miniature Pinscher is remarkably composed. Plus, they outlive Dobermans. And, they know how to strut their stuff — with a Hackney-horse-like step. The Min Pin is a fun-loving friend who’ll stick around for years.

Nonetheless, before venturing out to obtain your dotty doggy to add to your family —  check out local rescues and shelters for a diverse array of spotted dogs.


Bichon Frise

dogs that live the longest bichon frise.

Life expectancy: 14 to 15 years 

This dog is curious, dynamic, happy, eager to please, and fun to be around. The Bichon Frise seems to want to provoke smiles around them. The cheerful demeanor and cute face of this affectionate fuzz ball certainly earn them this award. 

While some Bichon owners may find the frequent grooming burdensome, others will appreciate that this breed doesn't shed (too much). Their coat is made of hair, not fur, and they’re classed as hypoallergenic.

Toy Poodle

dogs that live the longest toy poodle.

Life expectancy: 10 to 18 years

The toy, miniature, and standard varieties of Poodles are all beautiful. The smallest of the group, the Toy Poodle weighs only 5 pounds and stands only 10 inches tall. No matter the variety, Poodles have a long lifespan since they are among the healthiest dog breeds. This means they’re less likely to develop genetic diseases. 

Poodles are sociable toward strangers, other dogs, and cats. What’s more, they’re dedicated to their humans and will do anything for their family. Poodles are also energetic and exceptionally bright canines who frequently exhibit exceptional intuition — so training is a breeze.

Final Thoughts

What dog breed lives the longest, is a complex subject that involves more than just size and breed. Numerous other aspects may influence, or could extend your dog's life — like leading a healthy lifestyle and receiving quality veterinary care. In short, irrespective of size or breed, your dog has a better chance of living a longer life if they receive appropriate care.

What Dog Breed Can Live the Longest? FAQs

Can a Dog Live 20 Years?

A dog's age differs depending on their full maturity, which is sometimes influenced by the size: 

  • Smaller dogs on average live up to 15 years, with some reaching 18 to 20 years. 

  • Medium-sized breeds usually live 10 to 13 years, but 15 years is possible. 

  • Large dogs live around 8 to 12 years.

  • Extra large canines, like Mastiffs, live only 8 to 10 years.

Do Male or Female Dogs Live Longer?

According to research, gender has a negligible impact on the cause of death but a marginally positive impact on lifespan. Dog spaying and neutering procedures appear to be the primary cause of most variations in canine longevity. In that, neutered females live longer than neutered males. 

Do Smaller or Bigger Dogs Live Longer?

A dog's life expectancy decreases with size. Smaller breeds typically live up to 12 to 15 years. However, huge dogs, like the Saint Bernard, can typically live five to eight years.

Do Mixed Breed Dogs Live Longer?

Dogs of mixed breeds typically live longer than those of purebreds. As a result of inbreeding, purebred dogs could live shorter lives.

How Do You Tell How Long Your Dog Will Live?

Dogs typically live between 10 and 13 years. Depending on the breed, life expectancy might range from 7 to 18 years. It all boils down to your dog's genetic makeup and how well they are cared for in terms of food, weight, exercise, and immunizations.

What Large Dog Breed Lives the Longest?

The average lifespan of the Alaskan Malamute is greater than that of all the other large canines. Your Alaskan Malamute may live a little longer than 15 years if you're lucky.

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